8 SIGNS OF THE PRESENT COWBOY
The word “cowboy” is fixed in English since 1725. It meant the rider hired to watch over the herd. During the time of the American Revolution (1775–1783), the word sounded offensive – this is how people who took the side of England were called.
1 Texas is the birthplace of American cowboys. Here they are called cowpuncher. Real cowboys still earn their lives by raising livestock and / or participating in rodeo. This sport originated in the first half of the XIX century in the United States.
2 The hat is called the “master of the steppes” or “stetson.” It was created in 1865 by John Stetson.
3 The plaid shirt became the professional clothing of lumberjacks in the north and the cowboys in the south of the Wild West in the 19th century. The cage leads the story from the Scottish tartans (woolen fabric, from which they sewed kilts). Initially, there were no pockets on the shirt (as on the pants). All the little things were placed in a leather vest. Often the shirt did not have a collar, so a scarf was tied around the neck, protecting it from the sun.
4 Leather gloves. One of the most common injuries roperov (masters of treatment with a rope) – the separation of the thumb. During the rodeo gloves rubbed with rosin.
5 Lasso. Cowboys prefer rawhide rope, it is called a lariat, or Reat, with a tightening loop. The heavier the rope, the faster the throw. In bull riding (performance on the bull), twisted ropes with hand loops (left or right) are used. Ropes in places of capture are stitched with leather stripes in a certain direction, therefore they bend in one direction better than in another.
6 The rodeo belt was not worn by cowboys, wearing suspenders – a wide metal buckle can damage the soft tissues of the abdomen.
7 Chaps put on over your pants. The name comes from the Spanish “chaparreras” – rider’s protective trousers during a ride through the thickets of chaparral, a wide-leaved shrub common in northern Mexico. Usually chaps were made from cow hides, on which fur was left. There are several varieties of chaps: “double-barreled shotgun” – long leg trousers are sewn along the entire length, “bat wings” – a piece of skin wraps the leg and fastens at the back, “woolen” – with a woolen fringe. At the rodeo under the clothes wearing protection – knee pads, pad on the tailbone.
8 High-toed boots with a pointed nose and heel — they easily slip into the stirrup and help the rider to stay in the saddle. In the photo are the so-called packer boots, which are shoes for a meeting with a particularly zealous animal or in bad weather.