Last cowboys
Cowboy culture was born in the 1800s and, thanks to its isolation, has become a completely unique, distinctive culture. Hawaiian cowboys have their own music, rituals and language. Recent years…

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The continuation of the legend
And it doesn’t matter that he was somewhat inconsistent with reality. After all, not all cowboys were white, and among them were many adventurers, scammers and people with a bad…

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Cowboy
Cowboy (cowboy) (English cowboy, from cow - "cow" and boy - "guy") - the name used in the Wild West of the United States in relation to the herdsmen of…

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The birth of a legend

But the most expensive part of the toilet was the boots. As a rule, they were made of cowhide, and were made to order. They had a high sloping heel, which did not allow the foot to slip in the stirrups, and a high bootleg. In addition, there were still a lot of different cowboy accessories: gauntlets with leggings, spurs, whips, lasso, tapas – leather cases that were put on stirrups, and of course the weapon. All this should be put in order after the haul, or replaced with new products. Say underwear, or Long Johns (long johns) – a sort of special jumpsuit made of pure wool, usually just thrown away.

And only after all these cases were completed, the cowboys who had washed out and fallen asleep could, on their way home, allow themselves to go to the saloon, with a ballroom and tables for gambling. Undoubtedly, when a lot of young guys are going with money, with a strong desire to “buzz” and disconnect from the loads of the “haul”, then drunken spree, and quarrels with fights, and shooting are possible. After all, each weapon with him. It is this, as we now understand not the most important part of their existence, that substantial emphasis will later be placed on westerns, plays, and novels.

It will take quite a bit of time, the cowboys run out of money, they will return to their ranches, and everything will happen again from the beginning. Again, it will be necessary to drive the bulls into the herd and, as before, take them to the path. But it does not last long. In the second half of the 1880s, the situation in the Wild West would change dramatically. In April 1885, first in Kansas, and then in Texas, an epidemic of tick infestation would break out among cattle. And in three months, Cleveland, the new president of the country, will demand that in the west of the country about 200 thousand head of cattle be withdrawn from Indian and state lands in a short time. Hastily began to overtake him to the south, and many animals could not overcome this path. Newly invented barbed wire has become widely used in the region. And soon most of the private pastures were surrounded. Therefore, it became very difficult to steal livestock and horses.

As a result of the development of the railway network, the stock market panic of 1884, the growth of slaughter (due to the same Cleveland decrees), and a number of other factors, a significant drop in meat prices occurred. The case was completed by the dry summer of 1886 and the frosty winter that followed. The thickness of the snow cover was so great that they could not stand the roof, and the animals froze. By the spring, when the snow and ice melted, the country was literally covered with corpses. All this led to an outflow of people from the industry, and the end of the era of cowboys.

So any production process, becoming unprofitable or unproductive, leaves the stage, or is replaced by another one that meets the requirements of the day. After all, there are still livestock enterprises and ranches, but with all-terrain vehicles and helicopters, with other tasks and capabilities. But now they do not evoke such interest, much less delight, as before. What was it

The birth of a legend

Driving cattle took a long time. And the cowboys, who were tired of the day, were settling by the fire in the evening to have dinner and talk. Of course, among them were those who owned any musical instrument. Most often, these were lip harmonics, either a fiddle violin, a banjo, or a guitar, which did not take up much space, were light and comfortable when moving. And although the melodies of the songs they sang resembled the familiar ballads of England, Ireland, Scotland or South America, but the tact and pace were different.

According to the experts, the rhythm familiar to the cowboys in the long haul was more clearly manifested in them: “step”, “trot” or “gallop”. And the topics? They sang about what they saw, remembered or dreamed of. About the wild beauty of the prairies, their immigrant share, beautiful women met on the way, about Indians, hunters, adventurers and gold prospectors, gangsters and sheriffs, and again about the vast expanses of the Wild West. They sang around the fire, during the night rounds of the herd, in numerous saloons.

The most successful of the songs and ballads were remembered, passed to each other, but with the departure of the cowboys from the stage they were gradually forgotten. However, already in the beginning of the 1900s, in the wake of a new interest in them, not only collections of texts of these songs appeared, but also notes to them, and soon new performers. For example, the group Oklahoma Cowboys with Otto Gray (Otto Gray) and Oklahoma cowboy William McGinty (William McGinty) at the beginning of the last century had already recorded on the radio and flashed in the newsreels.

This is how cowboy country music was born, and later western music. Developing its “filmmakers” and musicians have done everything possible to add to the nascent legend an image of a “singing cowboy.” In addition to the noisy “festivities”, they organized competitions in their free time – who would rather hold out on a wild horse, on a bullhead from the herd, would throw a lasso, and whose horse would be better trained. Over time, these competitions “overgrown” the rules, divided into disciplines and closer to the middle of the XX century a specific western sport was formed, which continued to maintain interest in the topic.

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