But it became later, and at the beginning each group was actually a pioneer, for the first time laying trails, determining parking places and water availability. The most famous among them were Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving, with a group of 19 cowboys. They independently organized the transfer of livestock and mastered the track, later called the Goodway-Loving Pathway (from Fort Belknap to Fort Sumner).
Most of the hauls were carried out in the summer, when cowboys were chased by the scorching sun, droughts, dry rivers, sandstorms and the threat of dehydration. And when the rains began – the danger of drowning in a stormy, spilled river. At the same time, one always had to be ready for a meeting with gangsters who wanted to recapture a flock or warlike Indians. Not to mention the bite of a rattlesnake, the danger of being trampled down by frightened cattle and many other surprises waiting at every turn of the path. And only at the end of the haul, upon arrival in the city, they were expected to rest and deserved earnings.
Now it was possible to put himself in order, repair horse ammunition and change worn-out clothes. Naturally, the specifics of the profession left its mark on her.
For example, one of the essential components of the wardrobe was a hat. She not only protected her head from the sun and rain, protected it from branches and thorns, but could also help control the horse instead of a whip, replace a bucket, a fan, serve to inflate a fire, etc. The most popular among cowboys were hats made by John B. Stetson (John B. Stetson), although in the south-west they preferred Plenzmen.
An equally important detail was the neckerchief, or bandana, as the simplest respirator protecting from dust rising from under the hoofs of cattle, or from storms in the prairies. Could also serve as a garter or a harness for injuries, wounds, or a snake bite. At the same time he, with his shirt open, protected his neck from sunburn.
Themselves cowboy shirt, most often checkered, sewed from durable and thick fabric. Initially, they did not have pockets (as on the pants). All the little things were placed in a leather vest. And most cowboys wore trousers with suspenders; tight belt interfered with riding. There were problems with them, because they were not only wiped from the inside, but were constantly torn when they touched bushes, prickles of cacti, and juniper bushes.
To protect the legs during long horseback crossings, cowboys wore false chaps (from the Spanish word chaparejos) over their trousers. They were made from the skin or skins of animals and covered the front of the legs, which allowed to maintain complete freedom of movement. In the northern regions, fur chaps, made from the skins of a bear or a goat, were common. As a rule, they were attached to the belt and had straps along the legs.