What did the cowboys do for fashion?
Recognizable image He put on a poncho and jeans or boots with a narrowed cape and a wide leather belt, a hat and a shirt with braid, a bandana or…

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Invented image
Soon the Western becomes so popular and popular that it acquires already established forms and traditions: good always fights against evil and naturally wins, and happy ending becomes an indispensable…

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Lincoln War
When in August 1877 they again collided in one of the saloons, Cahill behaved as usual. Quite a bit of a grin, he called Billy bad words, to which he…

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Experienced cowboy

So why did it take a dramatic increase in the number of shepherds? The fact is that grass grew on the endless plains of the West, which easily tolerated not only drought, but also frost. This allowed the settlers to keep cattle on the pasture all year round. In these open spaces, especially in Texas, feral descendants of Creole cows, still brought by the Spaniards, roamed the land. It was their settlers who caught and crossed with their cattle, mostly imported from England. Thus, the famous Texan longhorns were bred – capricious, hardy and unpretentious to the living conditions of animals, with huge horns. Ranchers bred them, as a rule, only for their own needs, selling insignificant surpluses in the markets.

But the Civil War blew away these places, and the development of animal husbandry was one of the chances to restore the economy of the territories. After all, livestock abandoned during the war reached millions of heads, wandering unattended in the expanses of Texas and nearby places, at the very time when the war-ravaged country needed a large amount of meat. To catch this cattle and overtake him from here closer to the sales markets and became the main task of the local cattle producers. Moreover, long-legged and sinewy Longhorns had strong hooves, and therefore could cover long distances.

With the capture, driving cattle, and its profitable sale and the era of cowboys began. She was heavier than the daily work on the ranch, and much more dangerous. And even though they paid for the stage well enough, they had to work out this money later, and sometimes with blood. Before heading out, the young bulls were driven into a herd, which could have from 2,000 to 3,500 heads. Most often he gathered from animals from several ranches.

Ahead of the herd, always ran “ranahan” or “ranny” – an experienced cowboy guiding the leader of the herd, followed by the other animals. On the sides of the herd were the rest of the cowboy “lead riders” and “swing riders” – head, slewing and phalanx, who followed the general movement of the herd and returned to the herd of otted animals. Behind the herd watched the closing – «tail riders» or «drag riders».

During the day, the cowboys changed horses several times. The spare horses gathered in a separate herd were followed by a wrangler (Wrangler) – a young cowboy mastering the craft. If the group of cowboys was large enough, then the cook moved with them in a special van.

Already by 1870, the cowboy trails had the appearance of well-built roads up to 750 miles long and approximately 1,300 feet wide. The cattle were then driven to the railway stations at Abelin and Dodge City, where they were sold and shipped east to slaughter.

Real cowboys
There were also the protection of the wagons of immigrants from the attacking Indians, the attack of criminals on the stage coach or the robbery of the train. More than…

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American cowboy
Corpus has published a book by the British historian Eric Hobsbaum. Analyzing the most diverse trends in art and social thought, from classical music to the artistic avant-garde of the…

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Rare minutes of rest at the ranch
He was taken to Lincoln, accompanied by heavy security. Lawyers feared that someone would try to save Billy, but there was no one to save him - all his close…

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Stockrider
In the 1820s, Americans appeared on hacienda in Texas, where they adopted the techniques of working with cattle from vaquero (Spanish vaquero shepherd). From Texas and other parts of the…

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